Mordovia Republic

The Republic of Mordovia, a constituent entity of the Russian Federation, is a part of the Volga Federal District, bordering the Nizhny Novgorod Region in the north, the Ulyanovsk Region in the east, the Penza Region in the south, the Ryazan Region in the west and the Chuvash Republic in the north-east.

Location

The Republic of Mordovia is located in the centre of the East European Plain, in the basin of the Volga River.

Administrative division

The republic consists of 22 municipal districts (with 17 towns and 375 villages), one city district, and seven cities (Saransk, Ruzayevka, Kovylkino, Krasnoslobodsk, Ardatov, Temnikov, Insar)

Area

26,100 square kilometres

Capital

Saransk, distance from the republic's capital to Moscow 642 kilometres

Main cities

Saransk, Ruzayevka, Kovylkino, Krasnoslobodsk, Ardatov

Climate

The Republic of Mordovia has a temperate continental climate with long-time average annual temperatures of minus 8°С (24.8F) in January and 21.2°С (70.16F) in July

Main natural resources

Among the most important natural resources are the reserves of building materials. The republic is very rich in marly limestone and gaize used in high-quality cement production (proven reserves exceed 360 million cubic metres).

A major deposit of diatomite has been discovered (total reserves are estimated at 7 million cubic metres).

There are also reserves of construction sands, clay, fumed oak and peat (500 proven peat deposits with a total area of 9,200 hectares and reserves of 28.7 million tonnes).

Forested areas occupy 28.7% of the republic's land (749,600 hectares), including 277,200 hectares of protective forests and 472,400 hectares of commercial forests.

There are three underground deposits of sulfate-chloride mineral water in the republic.

 

Population

The republic's population as of 1 January 2010 was 826,500 people. About 60.7% of the population lives in urban areas and 39.3% in rural areas. The economically active population in 2009 amounted to 464,100 people. According to a survey conducted on employment, there are 439,000 people employed in the republic. The unemployment rate determined with ILO methods is 5.4%, and the portion of the registered unemployed is 1.7%. Senior citizens account for 22.7% of the population, and minors -14.3% (as of 1 January 2009). The rate of natural increase is negative and stands at 5.9 per 1,000.

Administration

Head of the Republic of Mordovia: Nikolai Merkushkin, in office since 1995.

The State Assembly of the Republic of Mordovia is the supreme legislative (representative) body.

Chairman of the government of the Republic of Mordovia: Vladimir Volkov.

Regional issues and prospects

The republic is faced with a difficult demographic situation. There is an energy shortage and up to 60% of its electrical power is purchased from other regions. There are infrastructural problems that include deteriorating gas pipelines and roads requiring major repairs.

The republic has created a favourable climate for investment and business: full coverage by all types of communication including Internet, availability of gas supply everywhere, developed social, engineering and transport infrastructure, active government support of investment activity and maximum possible benefits for investors.

The future economy will be aimed at increasing its competitiveness through the development of innovations, high technology sectors and human resources.

Main sectors of regional specialization (railway engineering, power electronics, electrical engineering, light engineering, production of cables and optical fibers, production of construction materials and agribusiness) are to grow further. The republic will be made more attractive for investment by building up-to-date infrastructure, creating good conditions for business, the improvement of government institutions involved in investment, etc.; reform of the labour market and education; better spatial organization in the region; and the preservation of its human and social capital.

 

Official website: http://www.e-mordovia.ru/

Expert RA