North Ossetia - Alania Republic

The Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, a constituent entity of the Russian Federation, is a part of the North Caucasus Federal Distric bordering on the Stavropol Territory in the north, the Chechen Republic in the north-east, the Republic of Ingushetia in the east, the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic in the west, and Georgia in the south.


The republic is located in the southern part of Russia on the northern slopes of the Greater Caucasus Mountains Range, with 48% of its territory covered by mountains. It comprises 6 cities, 8 rural districts, 4 municipal districts of Vladikavkaz, 7 towns, and 191 villages.


8,000 square kilometres


Vladikavkaz, located 1,923 kilometres from Moscow

Main cities

Vladikavkaz, Mozdok, Beslan, Alagir, and Ardon


The republic has a temperate continental climate with the average January temperature of -1.2 C (29.84 F) and the average July temperature of 25.3 C (77.54 F).

Natural resources

The region's main natural resources are complex ores containing zinc, lead, copper and silver, along with dolomite deposits and mineral water springs. Oil reserves have been explored, and upside fields are being prepared for production. The republic has all the prerequisites for the development of tourism, mountain climbing and downhill skiing.


The region's population is 707,700 people, with 334,100 males and 372,900 females. 65.5% of the population is urban, while rural residents account for 34.5%. The economically active population is 418,700 people, of whom 272,300 are employed. The unemployment rate, calculated to ILO standards, is 10.1%. Senior citizens and minors account for 27.1% and 12.7% of the population, respectively. The rate of natural increase is negative and stands at -1.3 per 1,000.


Head of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania: Taimuraz Mamsurov
Speaker of the Parliament of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania: Larisa Khabitsova

Regional issues and prospects

Since the republic is agriculture-oriented, the key problems affect its agro-industrial complex, including shortage of lands suitable for farming and high wear and tear of the sector's fixed assets. Conversion of the military sector represents a separate block of problems.

The republic's prospects lie in the development of its recreation complex as the region has ample opportunities and resources to develop tourism.

Agriculture is a priority for the region's economic development. The republic has created a considerable food and processing industry capacity. The fish industry can also offer good prospects.

The industry has a number of priority directions for its further development, including production upgrading (especially in the electronics industry), development of local raw materials for the light industry, development of the republic's own energy sector on the basis of HPP output. Renewal and expansion of the range of products is the priority area for engineering enterprises. Development of dolomite deposits will expand the region's opportunities.


Official website:

Expert RA