Udmurt Republic

The Udmurtian Republic, a constituent entity of the Russian Federation, is a part of the Volga Federal District bordering on the Kirov Region in the north, the Perm Region in the east, and the republics of Bashkortostan and Tatarstan in the south. 

Location

Udmurtia is located in the western part of the Middle Urals, between the Kama and Vyatka rivers. The region comprises 5 cities of republican and 1 city of district subordination, 25 rural districts, 10 towns, and 2,117 villages.

Area

42,100 square kilometres

Capital

Izhevsk, located 1,129 kilometres from Moscow

Main cities

Izhevsk, Sarapul, Glazov, Votkinsk, Mozhga, and Kambarka

Climate

Udmurtia has a temperate continental climate with the average January temperature of -9.9 С (14.18 F) and the average July temperature of 20.9 С (69.62 F).

Main natural resources

The republic has deposits of oil, nitrogen gas, brown and fossil coal, peat, salty waters and brines with industrial concentration of iodine and bromine, with occurrences of copper, iron, manganese, mineral colours, and commonly found deposits of construction materials. The republic is rich in forest resources.

Population

The republic's population is 1,560,200 people, with 720,900 males and 839,300 females. 69.7% of the population is urban, while rural residents account for 30.3%. The economically active population is 988,600 people, of whom 781,200 are employed. The unemployment rate, calculated to ILO standards, is 6.7%. Senior citizens and minors account for 24.5% and 12% of the population, respectively. The rate of natural increase (RNI) is negative and stands at -4.2 people per 1,000.

Administration

President of the Udmurtian Republic: Alexander Volkov. Elected first Udmurtian President in 2000 and re-elected on March 15, 2004.

Mayor of Izhevsk: Alexander Ushakov.

Chairman of the Udmurtian State Council: Alexander Solovyev. Elected Chairman in December 2007.

Republic's issues and prospects

A wide range of issues affecting the industrial production is determined by inadequate and slow development of new high-tech competitive products and low number of innovative and dynamic enterprises. The industrial complex has a number of defence-conversion related problems, particularly, the decreasing technological potential and workforce capacity as a result of a long slack of military industrial complex enterprises. The industrial complex prospects lie in the government's defence order. The sustainable development is also determined by its specialisation on engineering with export capacity. It is necessary to support the timber and light industries to ensure the republic's economic growth. The oil industry offers considerable development prospects. Another upcoming trend that can offer socioeconomic prospects is the development of transport network and ensuring smooth and stable operation of all modes of transport. Agricultural development prospects lie in the preservation of land capacity and intensification of production, along with creation of vertically-integrated companies providing for production, processing, delivery and storage of agricultural produce.

 

Official website: http://www.udmurt.ru/

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