Chechen Republic

The Chechen Republic, a constituent entity of the Russian Federation, is part the North Caucasus Federal Distric. It borders the Republic of Ingushetia in the west, the Republic of North Ossetia - Alania in the northwest, the Republic of Dagestan in the east, the Stavropol Territory in the north, and Georgia in the south. 

Location

The republic is located in the south of European Russia, in the North Caucasus.

Administrative division

The republic is currently comprised of three republic-governed cities and 18 administrative districts.

 

Area

19,300 square kilometres

Capital

Grozny, located 2,007 kilometres from Moscow

Main cities

Grozny, Shali, Urus-Martan, Gudermes, Argun

Climate

The Chechen Republic has a continental climate, with average January temperatures varying between -4° C on the plains and -12° C in the mountains, and average July temperatures between 21° C and 25° C in July.

Natural resources

The republic's main natural resources are: oil (petroleum gas), natural gas, mountain river hydropower, constructional materials, mineral springs, geothermal waters, agro-climatic, and recreational resources, as well as zeolites. The republic has large amounts of mountain river hydropower, which has not been tapped at all. Geothermal waters also have great potential, according to experts.

Population

The republic's population is 1,121,400 people, with 541,200 males and 580,200 females. As much as 33.7% of the population is urban, while rural residents account for 66.3%. The economically active population is 642,900, with 112,300 employed in the economic sector. Senior citizens and minors account for 18.9% and 23.8% of the population, respectively. The rate of natural increase is positive and stands at 18.4 per 1,000.

Administration

Head of the Republic of Chechnya: Ramzan Kadyrov.

Mayor of Grozny: Muslim Khuchiyev.

Chairman of the People's Assembly (Parliament) of the Chechen Republic: Dukuvakha Abdurakhmanov.

Republic's issues and prospects

Hostilities waged on the region's territory have left the republic with many problems (destroyed industry, devastated agriculture, and disabled communications and telecommunications). Practically all food, manufactured products, and consumer goods are imported from other regions. The republic depends on external supplies for 80% of its electricity. The paramount tasks facing it concern, above all, the restoration of such branches as the agro-industrial complex, construction, and the power industry.

 

Official website: http://chechnya.gov.ru/

Expert RA