Chuvash Republic

The Chuvash Republic, a constituent entity of the Russian Federation, is a part the Volga Federal District. It borders the Nizhny Novgorod Region in the west, the Republic of Mari El in the north, the Republic of Tatarstan in the east, the Ulyanovsk Region in the south, and the Republic of Mordovia in the southwest. 

Location

The republic is located in the eastern part of the East European Plain on the right bank of the Volga River.

Administrative division

The republic is divided into 21 administrative districts, and has 9 cities, 7 urban-type settlements, and 1,723 rural communities.

 

Area

18,300 square kilometres

Capital

Cheboksary, located 768 kilometres from Moscow

Main cities

Cheboksary, Novocheboksarsk, Kanash, Alatyr, Shumerlya

Climate

The Chuvash Republic has a moderate continental climate, with an average January temperature of -13° C in January and 19° C in July.

Main natural resources

The republic is rich in minerals for construction materials. A large deposit of gypsum, anhydrite, and dolomites has been discovered. In the republic, there are 46 deposits of brick clays and loams, 4 deposits of expanded clay raw materials, and 11 carbonate ore deposits. The republic has 1,834,500 hectares of land. There are five mineral water sources, four nature territories of federal significance, eight state-run nature reserves, and one game preserve on its territory. The region has deposits of phosphorites, oil shale, tripoli earths, and peat. Peat covers an area of 9,000 hectares.

Population

The Chuvash Republic's population is 1,305,000 people, with 604,300 males and 700,700 females. 60.1% of the population is urban, while rural residents account for 39%. The working age population is 805,300 people, of whom 606,500 are employed in the economic sector. The unemployment rate, calculated using ILO methods, is 8.6%. Senior citizens and minors account for 26% and 12.2%, respectively. The rate of natural increase is negative and stands at -5.2 per 1,000.

Administration

President of the Chuvash Republic: Mikhail Ignatyev.

Mayor of Cheboksary: Nikolai Yemelyanov. Has held this position since October 20, 2005.

Chairman of the State Council of the Chuvash Republic: Mikhail Mikhailovsky
Has held this position since April 17, 2001. Elected Chairman of the fourth State Council of the Chuvash Republic on October 19, 2006.

Republic's issues and prospects

The main difficulties of the region's economic development are due to a weak diversification of production. The problems experienced by the republic's agricultural sector are shared by the light and food industries because the state of farming determines the supply of raw materials to the food and light industry enterprises. The region is characterised by excessive employment in the agricultural sector and a lack of alternative jobs. The development of farming is one of the priorities and its intensification is a promising way of doing so. A point in favour of the republic's socioeconomic situation is its well-developed infrastructure.

 

Official website: http://www.cap.ru/

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