Zabaykalsky Territory

The Zabaykalsky Territory, a constituent entity of the Russian Federation, is part of the Siberian Federal District, bordering the Republic of Buryatia in the west, Irkutsk Region in the northwest, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) in the northeast, Amur Region in the east, and China and Mongolia in the southeast.

Location

The Zabaykalsky Territory is located in the Trans-Baikal area.

Administrative division

The Zabaykalsky Territory is comprised of 418 municipal entities, including 31 areas, 4 municipal districts, 45 towns, and 338 villages.

Area

431,500 square kilometres

Capital

Chita, located 6,074 kilometres from Moscow

Main cities

Chita, Krasnokamensk, Aginskoye

Main natural resources

Mineral resources

The Zabaykalsky Territory has explored reserves of ferrous non-ferrous metals, precious and rare metals, fluor calcareous, black and brown coal, semi-precious stones, mineral waters, and construction raw materials. The territory boasts 42% of Russia's explored reserves of fluor calcareous, 31% of zirconium, 21% of copper, 28% of molybdenum, 18% of titanium, 13% of silver, 12% of lead, gold, wolframite, tin, lithium, zinc, coal and iron ores. The local mineral potential is reported to have titanium dioxide, nickel, cobalt, lead, stibium, mercury, germanium, synnyrite, fluorite and zeolite. The territory also has deposits of raw gemstones, pearlite, graphite, fireclay and high-melting clay, and magnesite.

Forest resources

Forests cover 34,691,000 hectares of the Zabaykalsky territory, or 9.33% of the Siberian Federal District's area, including the conscious conifer species taking 19,399,000 hectares, or 10.2% of the district's coniferous forests. The territory's estimated standing crop reaches 2.736 million cubic meters, or 8.21% of the district's total reserves.

Population 

The Zabaykalsky Territory's population is 1,227,500 people, or 6.12% of the Siberian Federal District's inhabitants. In terms of population, the territory tanks 7th in the district and 47th in Russia. 62.2% of the region's population is urban, while rural residents account for 37.8%. The territory ranks 8th in the Siberian Federal District in terms of urbanisation.

Regional administration

Governor of the Zabaykalsky Territory: Ravil Geniatulin. Appointed in February 1996 and elected Governor of the Chita Region. Re-elected on October 29, 2000 and on March 14, 2004. Nominated for the post of Governor of the Zabaykalsky Territory by the Russian President in January 2008, with the candidature submitted for consideration to the legislatives of the Chita Region and Aginsk Buryat Autonomous Area and approved on February 5, 2008. Took office on March 1, 2008.

Mayor of Chita: Anatoly Mikhalev.

Speaker of the regional legislature: Anatoly Romanov. Elected on October 28, 2008.

Official website: http://www.e-zab.ru/