Primorye Territory

The Primorye Territory, a constituent entity of the Russian Federation, is part of the Far Eastern Federal District. The territory is located in the district's south, bordering on the Khabarovsk Territory in the north, and China and North Korea in the west and south-west.

Location

The Primorye Territory is the extreme south-eastern region of Russia, located in the southern part of the Russian Far East on the coast of the Sea of Japan and bordering on the Khabarovsk Territory, China and North Korea.

Administrative division

The Primorye Territory comprises 24 districts, 12 cities, 5 city districts, 47 towns and 226 villages.

 

Area

165,900 square kilometres

Capital

Vladivostok, 9,302 kilometres from Moscow

Main cities

Vladivostok, Nakhodka, Artyom and Arsenyev

Climate

The Primorye Territory has a moderate, monsoon and humid climate, with the average January temperature of -15°C and the average July temperature of +17°C.

Main natural resources

The territory is rich in various natural resources, with deposits of coal, tin, gold, boron, fluorite, lithium, beryllium, tantalum and niobium. It also has large deposits of various construction materials, such as limestone, clay, freestone, sand and gravel and expanded clay. A large part of the Primorye Territory is covered by forests, and its coastal waters are rich in marine biological resources.

Population

The Primorye Territory's population is 2,051,300, with 990,400 males and 1,060,900 females. Over 78% of the region's population is urban, while rural residents account for 21.5%. The economically active population is 1,330,900, of whom 985,400 are employed. The unemployment rate, calculated using ILO methods, is 7.9%, while senior citizens and minors account for 89.2% and 10.7%, respectively. The negative population growth rate is -5.1 per 1,000. The negative migration influx rate is -29.4 per 10,000.

Administration

Governor of the Primorye Territory: Sergei Darkin, nominated by then-President Vladimir Putin for his second term and appointed Governor by the regional legislature on February 4, 2005.

Mayor of Vladivostok: Igor Pushkaryov, elected to the post on May 18, 2008.

Speaker of the regional legislature: Viktor Gorchakov, elected to the post on October 26, 2006.

Regional issues and prospects

The Primorye Territory's key issues are its economic and territorial remoteness and the high cost of resources delivery. The other issue is exporting low-processed products which have low added value, such as raw material resources and raw fish. Another problem is a low production capacity in local economy's key industries, such as mining, manufacturing and construction sectors, agriculture, timber and fishing industries, as well as depreciated production facilities. The insufficient use of production capacities and a considerable share of the shadow economy in population's income are also major hindrances for the local economy's development.

The territory's major prospects lie in strengthening economic partnership with the Pacific Rim countries by developing transport corridors, with the recreation and tourism sector being of particular importance to boosting the local economy.

 

Official website: http://www.primorsky.ru/