Stavropol Territory

The Stavropol Territory, a constituent entity of the Russian Federation, is a part of the Southern Federal District, bordering the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, the Republic of Kabardino-Balkaria, the Republic of Karachayevo-Circassia, and the Republic of Chechnya in the south, the Rostov Region and the Republic of Kalmykia in the north, the Republic of Daghestan in the east, and the Krasnodar Territory in the west. 

Location

The Stavropol Territory is located in the southwest of Russia.

Administrative Division

It is divided into 26 regions, with 19 cities, 17 towns and 284 rural administrations.

 

Area

66,500 square kilometres

Capital

Stavropol

Main Cities

Stavropol, Pyatigorsk, Nevinnomyssk, Kislovodsk, and Yessentuki.

Climate

The region has a continental climate with the average January temperature of 0.7degrees Celsius and the average July temperature of 19.8 degrees Сelsius. The climate is temperate continental (Atlantic continental) in the north of the territory and mountain North Caucasus climate in the south.

Natural resources

The region has reserves of natural gas, oil, rare-earth metals, mineral construction materials, asbestos, mirabilite and halite, and mineral therapeutic muds. The world famous mineral springs of Narzan, Yessentuki and Slavyanovskaya are located in the Caucasian Mineral Waters (Mineralnye Vody) area.

Population

The region's population is 2,726,400, with 1,274,300 males and 1,452,100 females. 56.1% of the population is urban, while rural residents account for 43.9%. The economically active population amounts to 1,665,000; 1,077,300 of which are employed. The unemployment rate, calculated using ILO methods, is 10.3%, with senior citizens and minors accounting for 25.2% and 13.7% of the population, respectively. The rate of natural increase (RNI) is negative and stands at -4.0 per 1,000.

Administration

Governor of the Stavropol Territory: Valery Gayevsky.

Mayor of Stavropol: Nikolai Paltsev.

Chairman of the Stavropol Regional Duma: Vitaly Kovalenko.

Regional issues and prospects

The region's economic development is compounded by falling agricultural production, which the territory's food industry is dependent on. The sustained industrial development of the territory is hindered by the lack of a full production cycle in the export-oriented sectors (production of oil and petrochemicals, timber working, etc.). The recreation sector faces its own issues. High prospects for development are attributed to the tourism industry, as well as the agribusiness sector, the latter due to the territory's rich raw materials base. Stipulations for the wine sector focus on the production of more high-priced goods. Power generation is a priority development area of the territory; due to its healthy electricity supply, prospects of export of regional surplus stocks to other Russian regions are being considered.

 

Official website: http://www.gov.stavropol.ru/

Expert RA