Khabarovsk Territory

The Khabarovsk Territory, a constituent entity of the Russian Federation, is part of the Far Eastern Federal District. It borders the Magadan Region, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Amur Region, Jewish Autonomous Region, Primorye Territory, and China.

Location

The territory is located in the centre of the Russian Far East on the coast of the Sea of Okhotsk and the Sea of Japan in the east, with its coastal line stretching 3,390 kilometres, including islands such as the Shantar Islands.

Administrative division

The Khabarovsk Territory is comprised of 29 towns, 188 villages, 2 regionally-administered municipal areas (Khabarosvk and Komsomolsk-on-Amur), and 17 districts.

Area

788,600 square kilometres.

Capital

Khabarovsk, 8,533 kilometres from Moscow.

Main cities

Khabarovsk, Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Amursk, Sovetskaya Gavan, and Nikolayevsk-on-Amur.

Climate

The Khabarovsk Territory has a moderate, monsoon climate, with an average January temperature of 22.8°C below zero and an average July temperature of 17.9°C.

Main natural resources

The Khabarovsk Territory is rich in forests and various mineral and natural resources, with well-explored deposits of gold, platinum, and silver. The territory has seven large deposits of tin and complex ores, which contain minable concentrations of copper, silver, wolframite, and bismuth. The area also boasts reserves of coal and brown coal, oil, gas, and ironstone. Deposits of manganese, apatite, alunite, and chrome iron ores containing additional elements such as iron, titanium, copper, silver, vanadium, bismuth, wolframite and indium have been discovered, and reserves of thermal and fresh mineral waters are well-developed.

Population

The Khabarovsk Territory's population is 1,427,000, with 687,500 males and 739,500 females. 80.4% of the region's population is urban, while rural residents account for 19.5%. The economically active population is 932,200, of whom 729,500 are employed. The unemployment rate, calculated using ILO methods, is 6.1%, while senior citizens and minors account for 27.29% and 8.88%, respectively. The negative population growth rate is -5.5 per 1,000. The negative migration influx rate is -0.9 per 10,000.

Regional administration

The Governor of the Khabarovsk Territory is Vyacheslav Shport, who took the office May 6, 2009. 

Mayor of Khabarovsk: Alexander Sokolov.

Took office on October 28, 2008.

Chairman of the Legislative Duma of Khabarovsk Territory Sergei Khokhlov

The region's problems and prospects

The Khabarovsk Territory's development is hindered by transport issues rooted in the undeveloped system of local transportation services. Another issue is the economy's total dependency on a single enterprise, the Konsomolsk-on-Amur Aircraft Production Complex (KnAPO). Another hindrance is the considerable share of the shadow economy in the local income. The territory's major prospects lie in improving the local transport network, reducing the dependency on a single large manufacturer by diversifying production in the engineering sector, and developing the local agricultural sector to make it self-sufficient. Particularly attractive for the territory's further development are recreational activities.

 

Official website: http://www.khabkrai.ru/

Expert RA