Amur Region

Amur region was formed on October 20, 1932 with the center in Blagoveshchensk (221,9 thousand inhabitants) founded in 1858.
The distance between Moscow and Blagoveshchensk is 7985 km. Total area is 363,7 thousand square km (2,1% of the total area of the Russian Federation).

Geographic location. Amur region is situated I the south of the Far East. It borders: in the south and south-west — on China, in the north — on Sakha Republic, in the north-east and east — on Khabarovsk territory, in the south-east — on Jews autonomous region.

Natural conditions. Northern part of Amur region hosts Stanovoy Range (height up to 2312 m), southward of it is a series of ranges – Yankan, Tukuringra, Soktakhan, Dazhgdy; about 2/5 of the territory is occupied by Zeya-Bureya and Amur-Zeya plains. Main rivers are: Amur, Zeya, Bureya. There is Zeya reservoir on the river Zeya. January average temperature is -24 degrees centigrade, July — +20 degrees centigrade, annual precipitation is about 850 mm. Soils are brown forest. Coniferous and mixed Manchurian forests are typical for Amur region. In the mountains it’s mainly mountain pine and tundra.

Population. More than one third of the population lives in the countryside. The majority of the population is Russians (92%). There are also Ukrainians (4%) and other ethnic groups. Death rate surpasses birth rate. Negative natural growth and migration outflow result in intensive decrease of the total number.

Economic advantages and disadvantages. Amur region has quite a significant advantage that’s not used to the full. We mean its economic and geographic position allowing to establish close economic ties and production cooperation with neighboring Chinese region Heilongjiang. Amur region is rich with natural resources, soils are fertile enough for yielding agriculture. A good power supply base is set up in the region including Zeya hydroelectric power station and heat power plants using local coals.

Amur region is a large transport junction being the base for Baikal-Amur and Baikal-Yakut main lines building. The region is noted for substantial timber reserves, diverse flora and fauna. The world biggest Amur tiger is found here.

Specialty: transport, mineral resource industry, power engineering, timber industry and agriculture. According to some data the region yields up to 40% of the Russian gold. It’s an agricultural region with meat and dairy cattle-breeding and herd horse-breeding. There are grains crops. Soya beans are grown here (about 50% of total Russian crop).

Main industries: power engineering, mineral resource industry (gold, coal), timber and woodworking industry, construction materials and building units production, food (meat) industry.