Belgorod Region

Belgorod region was formed on January 6, 1954. Its center is Belgorod (335 thousand inhabitants) was founded in 1593. Total area of Belgorod region is 27,1 thousand square km, its length from the north to the south is about 190 km, from the east to the west — about 270 km. Belgorod region is a part of Central Chernozem region and Central Federal okrug if the Russian Federation.
The distance between Moscow and Belgorod is 695 km.

Geographic location. Belgorod region is situated in the south-west of Russia. It borders: in the east – on Voronezh region, in the north – on Kursk region, in the south and the west – on the Ukraine.

Natural conditions. Undulating erosion land of Central Russian Upland (up to 276 m height) prevail on the territory of the region. Main river are SeverskyDonets, Oskol, Vorskla. The climate is moderately continental; January average temperature is -8 degrees centigrade, July +20 degrees centigrade. Annual precipitation is about 500 mm. Chernozem soils are characteristic for the region; vegetation is presented by forests (mainly oak-groves), in the south-east — grassland meadow steppes, mostly ploughed up.

Population. About one third of the population live in countryside. Predominent ethnic groupo is Russians, but the Ukrainians are also quite numerous (more than 5%). In some countryside districts people speak mixed Russian-Ukrainian dialect. The number of the population is constantly growing due to high migration inflow. Favourable natural and climatic conditions tell on the life span. It’s 3-6 years longer than in Central Russia.

Belgorod region is by all means a rich region. Favourable natural and climatic conditions and fertile soils combine with iron ore, limestone deposits and raw materials for cement production. Large deposits of bauxites, apatites and underground mineral water stores have been revealed and explored. Manifestations of gold, graphite and rare metals have been traced. There are geographical prerequisites for discovering platinum, hydrocarbons and other mineral resources. Economic development of Belgorod region is complicated by the necessity to balance agriculture and mining industry, both exploiting vast territories. The region also suffers from power shortage.

Peripheral position of Belgorod region and abeyant economic relations with the Ukrain also cause economic problems.

Belgorod region has a well balanced economy structure. Best developed are agriculture, ferrous metallurgy, building materials and food industries. Relatively small in terms of population Belgorod region plays an important role in production of several types of industrial products: iron ore mining, rolled metal, cement, roofing slate, sugar, vegetable oil and butter.

Main industries: mineral resource industry, machine-building and metal working (steam boilers, food and chemical and pharmaceutical industry machinery, hardware, electrical equipment etc.) metallurgy, chemistry (vitamin and detergents production); building materials, food industry (mainly sugar and meat and dairy husbandry). Belgorod region is a monopolist in Russia in production of certain types of rolled metals.

Expert RA