Vladimir Region

Vladimir region was formed on August 14, 1944 with the center in Vladimir town (360,8 thousand inhabitants) founded in 1108.
The distance between Moscow and Vladimir is 190 km.

Geographic location. Vladimir region is situated in the center of East European plain. It borders: in the south — on Ryazan region, in the south-west and west — on Moscow region, in the north — on Yaroslavl and Ivanovo regions, in the east — on Niznhy Novgorod region.

Natural conditions. The territory of the region is part of Moscow Elevation turning into Vladimir upland (up to 236 m height), Meshcher lowland – in the south. Main rivers are Oka ns Klyazma referring to the Volga basin. The climate is moderately continental; January average temperature is -11 degrees centigrade, July average temperature is +17 degrees centigrade. Annual precipitation is about 500 mm. Sod-podzol, grey forest and swampy soils are characteristic for the region. Vegatation is presented by mixed forests.

Population. Vladimir region refers to the so-called Golden Ring of Russia, historic center of Russia. The overwhelming majority of the population is Russians (97%). In recent years Vladimir region, just like most other Russian regions, has been characterized by birth rate decrease with death rate growing and further stabilizing. Migration inflow is insufficient and can’t prevent steady population decline. However average life span has shown tendency to grow a bit.

Economic advantages and disadvantages. Vladimir region is one of most urbanized and economically developed regions of Russia with good infrastructure. The region has no mineral resources but is noted for highly skilled manpower. Congestion with defense and light industry enterprises makes it difficult to quickly adapt to competitive market environment economy.

Specialty of Vladimir region is high-tech machine-building, armaments production, light and glass industries and handicrafts (embroidery, jewelry, varnished miniature). There are lots of historic monuments and landmarks of Vladimir-Suzdal princedom of XI-XII centuries, that are of great attraction for tourists. The only Russian town-museum Suzdal is situated here.

Main industries: machine-building and metal working (tractors and spare parts, diesel locomotives, excavator, motorbikes, TV-sets, household refrigerators, electric motors, electrical appliances, textile industry equipment and precision engineering products). Textile industry (especially cotton manufacture), chemistry (general mechanical rubber and plastic goods, fiberglass), glass (technical glass, cut glass, tableware) industries are also quite developed.

Official website: http://www.avo.ru/

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