Volgograd Region

Volgograd region was formed on January 10, 1934 with the center in Volgograd (1034,7 thousand inhabitants), founded in 1589.
The distance between Moscow and Volgograd is 1073 km.

Geographic location. Volgograd region covers south-east of East European plain, the area between the Volga and Don. It borders: in the south – on Kalmyk Republic, in the south-west and west – on Rostov region, in the north-west – on Voronezh region, in the north – on Saratov region, in the east – on Kazakhstan, in the south-east – on Astrakhan region.

Natural conditions. The Volga divides the territory in two parts: the right-bank upland (up to 358 m height) and и left-bank lowland (Transvolga). Main rivers are Volga and Don. There are also Volgograd and Tsimlyansk Reservoirs and salty lakes (Elton and others). The climate is continental; January average temperature varies from -8 to -12 degrees centigrade, July average temperature is +23 degrees centigrade. Annual precipitation is about 350 mm. Grassland grain steppes on chernozem and dark-chestnut soils (mostly ploughed up) give place to sagebrush semideserts on light chestnut soils.

Population. Predominant ethnic group is Russians. Other sizeable groups are the Ukrainians, Kazakhs, Germans and Tatars. Before 1942 a part of region territory had been within German Volga Republic. The natural population growth is negative. The intensity of migration inflow grow weak, and the total number of population (Volgograd including) has begun to decrease.

Economic advantages and disadvantages. Volgograd region is one of the best developed regions of Russia with a well-balanced economy. Diversified agriculture go together with diversified industry, oil and gas resources. Two largest navigable rivers run through the territory, Volga-Don channel connecting them. There is Volga hydro power station. It’s hard to name any significant negative factors of economic development of Volgograd region.

Specialty. Volgograd region boasts of grains, vegetable oil, watermelons, melons and gourds manufacturing as well as tractors, steel pipes, cement and roofing slate production.

Main industries: machine-building and metal working (tractors, ship, tower cranes, bearings, equipment for oil, electric and food industries; drilling equipment, transport-storehouse, medical, trade equipment); fuel (oil and gas extraction), oil refining, chemical, petrochemical industries (including caustic soda and man-made fibers production), ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy. Building materials production, textile, food and woodworking industries are also well developed. Volgograd region is a monopolist in Russia in production of 11 types of industrial products including some types of bearings, sulfurous anhydride, polyurethane fibers, gas pipes, mustard powder etc.

Official website: http://www.volganet.ru/

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