Vologda Region

Vologda region was formed on September 23, 1937 with the center in Vologda (312,1 thousand inhabitants) founded in 1147.
The distance between Moscow and Vologda is 497 km.

Geographic location. Vologda region is situated in the north-west of East European plain. It borders: in the south – on Kostroma, Yaroslavl, Tver regions, in the south-west – on Novgorod region, in the west – on Leningrad region, in the north – on Kareliya Republic and Arkhangelsk region.

Natural conditions. Western part of the region is Andom and Veps uplands (up to 304 m height), eastern part is Northern ridge. Main river are Sukhona, Yug, Mo-loga, Sheksna. The climate is moderately continental, January average temperature is -14 degrees centigrade, July average temperature is +18 degrees centigrade. Annual precipitation is about 500 mm. На севере Podzol soils are widespread in the north and sod- podzol – in the south. Verdure is presented by coniferous forests (mainly fur).

Population. Predominant ethnic group of Vologda region is Russians. Starting with the end of 1980-ies population of the region has been constantly declining despite of migration being in black ink.

Economic advantages and disadvantages. Vologda region is in pretty good natural and climatic conditions for dairy husbandry and has favorable transport and geographic location, being connected with Moscow, Saint-Petersburg, Ural. Its economy is balanced enough: besides metallurgy and machine-building the region has quite developed woodworking and light industries. Among the drawbacks one can mention uneven economic development: eastern part of the region is especially hard-to-reach and underdeveloped. There are practically no natural resources besides peat in the region.

Specialty. Traditional specialty of the region in meat and dairy husbandry and woodworking after the Second World war was complemented with ferrous metallurgy and machine-building due to the contraction of Cherepovets metal combine and a whole complex of attendant machine-building, chemical and glass enterprises. Vologda is famous for its handicrafts (bone lace, niello, чернение по серебру, fancy weaving).

Main industries: ferrous metallurgy, machine-building (bearings, equipment for timber and woodworking industries, for dairy and meat industry, machinery and devices production, electrical and optomechanical products, river boats); timber, woodworking industry, pulp-and-paper, chemistry (mineral fertilizers), light (mainly flax-processing) and food industries. Volgograd region is a monopolist in Russia in production of nickel-comprising steel.

Official website: http://www.vologda-oblast.ru

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