Kaliningrad Region

Kaliningrad region was formed on April 7, 1946 with the center in Kaliningrad (426,3 thousand inhabitants) founded in 1255.
The distance between Moscow and Kaliningrad is 1289 km.

Geographic location. Kaliningrad region is situated in the ultimate west of Russia and is detached from the rest of the territory. In the south it borders on Poland, in the north-east – on Lithuania. In the west and south-west it's washed by the Baltic sea and its bays.

Natural conditions. The territory is lowland plain, in the south-east — Baltic range (up to 231 m height). Main rivers are the Neman, Pregolya; there are more than 100 lakes and a lot of bogs in the region. The climate is transient from maritime to moderate continental; January average temperature varies from-3 to -5 degrees centigrade, July average temperature varies from +15 to +17 degrees centigrade. Annual precipitation is about 700 mm. Podzol and sod-podzol solis prevail. More than 1/5 of the territory are mixed forests.

Population. Kaliningrad region is a part of former Eastern Prussia (Germany) which came under the jurisdiction of the Soviet Union after the World War II. The territory was populated anew by migrants from Russia, the Ukraine, Belorussia and Lithuania in the late 1940-ies. Today the majority is Russians. Kaliningrad region is one of the few region in Russia where the number of the population grows in spite of the negative natality, mainly due to migration inflow. The concentration of military divisions is rather high, militaries constitute quite a notable part of the population. The process of relocation of Russian German to the region, stimulated by local authorities, has been hold up.

Economic advantages and disadvantages. After Russia has lost many of its ports on the Baltic sea the strategic military and foreign trade importance of Kaliningrad region has increased. However this advantage is almost leveled down by the region's exclave location.

Among mineral resources one can mention oil fields, especially Baltic shelf deposits, and also world's biggest store of amber.

The region's infrastructure is well developed, its territory being covered by a dense net of roads. A regime of free economic zone is set up in the region, which is very convenient for investors and business in general. Kaliningrad region specializes in fishing and fish processing, paper and light industry products manufacturing. Amber is being extracted and processed in Yantarny settlement.

Main industries: machine-building (dump car, electrical and lift-and-carry equipment, pulp and paper, food, gas industry; ship repair); pulp and paper, food (fish included), light industries. Kaliningrad region is a monopolist in Russia in production of sub-parchment.

Expert RA