Kemerovo Region

Kemerovo region was formed on January 26, 1943 with the center in Kemerovo town (537,8 thousand inhabitants) founded in 1925.
The distance between Moscow and Kemerovo is 3482 km.

Geographic location. Kemerovo region is situated in the south of West Siberia. It borders: in the south — on Altai Republic, in the south-west — on Altai territory, in the west — on Novosibirsk region, in the north — on Tomsk region, in the north-east — on Krasnoyarsk territory, in the east — on Khakass Republic.

Natural conditions. Kemerovo region is situated mainly in Kuznetsk basin between Salair mountain ridge (567 m) nad Kuznetsk Alatau (2178 m). The main river is the Tom'. The climate is sharply continental, January average temperature varies from -17 to -20 degrees centigrade, July — from +17 to +20 degrees centigrade. Annual precipitation is about 300-500 mm. Soils are podzol. Kemerovo region possesses largest in Russia stores of coal which make up about ¼ of the country's total fuel and energy store. The south of the region is the so-called Mountain Shoriya, a unique nature and climatic district, tourist and recreation zone

Population. Kemerovo region is highly urbanized. More than 86% of the population live in towns. The majority is Russians (92%). Other ethnicities are the Ukrainians, Chuvash, Germans (up to 2% of the total population). Death rate surpasses birth rate, natality is negative and not compensated by migration inflow. The total number of residents is constantly decreasing. Male average life span is very short due to high morbidity and mortality rate, determined by coal mining specific character.

Economic advantages and disadvantages. The main natural resource of Kemerovo region is Kuzbass coal. The whole regional economy is based on it. Many mines are technically neglected and lack modernization since 30-40-ies. Coal mining, metallurgy and chemical industry in combination with the relief peculiarities cause extremely grave ecological problems. Agriculture, light and food industries are underdeveloped.

Free economic zone regime has been set up in the region.

Specialty: mineral resource industry (coal first of all), ferrous metallurgy and chemical industry. More than 40% of all Russian coal is being mined here. The region produces 15- 20% of the country's total steel, cast iron, rolled metal, 10% of chemical fibers. Kuznetsk coal and coke go to metallurgic and electric power plants of West Siberia, Urals, Volga region and Central Russia.

Main industries: coal mining (Kuzbas), iron ore, complex ore; ferrous metallurgy (Kuznetsk and West-Siberian metallurgical combines), non-ferrous metallurgy (aluminum and zinc); chemistry (mineral fertilizers, chemical fibers, synthetic resin, plastics); machine-building (coal, mining and chemical equipment); metal working; building materials manufacturing (cement, brick, glass). Tom-Ustin, Kemerovo, Belovskaya, Yuzhno-Kuzbasskaya hydroelectric power plants are situated here. Kemerovo region is a monopolist in Russia in production of 12 types of industrial products including zinc chloride, zinc powder, caprolactam, reinforcing steel, railway and tram tracks etc.

Expert RA