Kirov Region

Kirov region was formed on December 7, 1934 with the center in Kirov (503,4 thousand inhabitants) founded in 1374.
The distance between Moscow and Kirov is 896 km.

Geographic location. Region is situated in the east of East European plain. It borders: in the south – on Tatarstan Republic and Mariy El Republic, in the west – on Vologda and Nizhny Novgorod regions, in the north – on Arkhangelsk region and Komi Republic, in the north-east – on Perm territory, in the south-east – on Udmurt Republic.

Natural conditions. The relief is hilly, the central part is Vytsky ridge, the north-east is Verknekamskaya elevation (up to 337 m), the north — Severny ridge. Main rivers refer to Volga basin (Vyatka, Kama). The climate is moderately continental, January average temperature is -14 degrees centigrade, July average temperature is +17 degrees centigrade; annual precipitation is about 500 mm. Te prevailing soil types are podzolic soils under coniferous forests, and also sod-podzol - under coniferous-deciduous forests.

Population. 95% of the region population are Russians. The total number of the population is constantly degrading due to low natality and high death rate. Kirov region is unattractive for migrants.

Economic advantages and disadvantages. Kirov region is characterized relatively favourable conditions for agriculture, has sufficient forest stores, there are oil fields. Transsiberian railroad passes through its territory. Kirov region has a diverse industry complex, including defense enterprises.

Among the drawbacks one can mention weak economic ties between the districts, their relatively autonomous development.

Specialty. Kirov region do not have any explicit economic specialization, its economy being well-balanced. Forestry, agriculture and industry are a bit more developed than anything else. Besides it's a traditional area of hunting.

Main industries: machine-building and metal working (lifting and shifting equipment, cables, tree planting and agricultural machinery, ships, educational and precise measuring devices and instruments, woodworking machinery, household devices); non-ferrous and ferrous metallurgy, chemistry (tire and mineral fertilizers production); micro-biology (fodder yeast production), timber, woodworking and pulp and paper industry (skis, furniture, plywood, technical paper production); light industry (including leather and foot-wear), food industry (including honey). Quite developed industries are building materials manufacture, phosphorite and peat mining. Kirov region is a monopolist in Russia in production of: motor platforms for tracklayers, rail cranes, woodworking tool-grinders, forest ploughs, electric power cables.