Kostroma Region

Kostroma region was formed on August 13, 1944 with the center in Kostroma (289,4 thousand inhabitants) founded in 1152.
The distance between Moscow and Kostroma is 372 km.

Geographic location. Kostroma region is situated in the central part of East European plain. It borders: in the south on Ivanovo region, in the west – on Yaroslavl region, in the north-west and north – on Vologda region, in the north-east and east – on Kirov region, in the south-east – on Nizhny Novgorod region.

Natural conditions. The center of the region is Galich Elevation (up to 292 m height), the north-east is occupied by Severny ridge. The main river is the Volga with its feeders (Kostroma, Uzhnya, Vetluga). There are a lot of lakes on the territory of Kostroma region, the largest being the Galich and Chukhlomskoye lakes. The climate is moderately continental; January average temperature is -12 degrees centigrade, July average temperature is +18 degrees centigrade; annual precipitation is about 600 mm. Prevailing soils are sod-podzol. Vegetation is parvifoliate and coniferous forests.

Population. Kostroma region is relatively weakly urbanized. The main part of the population is concentrated in the south-west around Kostroma. The rest of the population settle along the Trans-Siberian railroad. Prevailing ethnicity is Russians, depopulation being characteristic for them. The latter affects not only countryside but also towns of Kostroma region.

Economic advantages and disadvantages. Kostroma region is one of the most poorly developed regions of Central Russia. There are only forest resources and peat deposits here. Small towns and settlements are quite far from each other and transport communication is scarce. Soils are not fertile enough to develop highly productive farming. Natural conditions are most favorable for meat and milk husbandry and flax-growing.

Specialty. Kostroma region has redundant electric power due to Kostroma State Power Plant, one of the biggest and most technically advanced in European Russia. The region is also noted for flax and flax textile production, woodworking products and resin industry. The region is home to an ancient jewelry handicraft center – Krasnoye-on-Volga settlement.

Main industries: textile (flax and others), woodworking industry, machine-building (digging machines, machine-tools, equipment for textile, chemical, food and woodworking industries), food industry.

Expert RA