Kurgan Region

Kurgan region was formed on February 6, 1943 with the center in Kurgan town (368,3 thousand inhabitants) founded in 1782.
The distance between Moscow and Kurgan is 1973 km.

Geographic location. Kurgan region is situated in TransUrals. It borders: in the south and south-east – on Kazakhstan, in the south-west and west – on Chelyabinsk region, in the north-west and north – on Sverdlovsk region, in the north and north-east – on Tyumen region.

Natural conditions. The territory of Kurgan region is part of West Siberian plain (up to 193 m). The surface is flat with numerous cavities and shallow crests. Main rivers are the Tobol and its feeder Iset'. There are about 2000 lakes, some of them being of resort type (Gorkoye, Medvezhye lakes). The climate is sharply continental; January average temperature is -18 degrees centigrade, July average temperature is +19 degrees centigrade; annual precipitation is about 400 mm. Leached black soils are characteristic for the region.

Population. Kurgan region is the least urbanized region in the Urals. The majority of the population is Russians (92%). Other ethnicities are the Bashkirs, Kasakhs, Tatars. Death rate surpasses birth rate, natality is negative and not compensated by migration inflow. Since 1994 the total number of the population has been constantly decreasing.

Economic advantages and disadvantages. Kurgan region has no significant mineral deposits, its main treasure is fertile black soils. Main industry is machine-building, mainly defense enterprises.

Specialty. Kurgan region is characterized by well-developed agriculture.

Main industries: machine-building (agricultural machinery, road-building and printing machines, chemical equipment, buses etc.), light industry (knitted clothes). Food industry is also well developed (meat and mill combines, oil mills, powder milk plants). Kurgan region is a monopolist in Russia in production of motor tar sprayers, milking machines and milk cooling reservoirs, fire engines etc.

Expert RA