Kursk Region

Kursk region was formed on June 13, 1934 with the center in Kursk (445,5 thousand inhabitants) founded in 1095.
The distance between Moscow and Kursk is 536 km.

Geographic location. Kursk region borders: in the south – on Belgorod region, in the south-west and west – on the Ukraine, in the north-west – on Bryansk region, in the north – on Orlov region, in the north-east – on Lipetsk region, in the east – on Voronezh region.

Natural conditions. Kursk region is situated on the watershed divide of Middle Russian Elevation (up to 275 m). Main rivers belong to the Deeper (Seim, Psel) and Don basins. The climate is moderately continental; January average temperature is -8 degrees centigrade, July average temperature is +19 degrees centigrade; annual precipitation is about 500 mm. Chernozem soils prevail on the region. Vegetation is steppe; original steppe plots have preserved only in reserves (Streletskaya and Kazakh steppes in Central Chernozem reserve named after V.V. Alekhin).

Population. Kursk region is characterized by a high share of rural population. More than 90% are Russians. Since 1994 natural population loss hasn't been compensated by a high migration inflow. However the region still preserves a high life span.

Economic advantages and disadvantages. The economy of Kursk region is based on two types of natural resource: fertile arable lands and iron ores of Kursk magnetic anomaly, mined at Mikhailovsky opencast mine. Kursk atom electric power plant is one of the largest in Russia.

Economic development is restrained by water resources shortage and also by black soils exhaustion. A new frontier position of Kursk region hasn't affected the economy.

Specialty. Kursk region is noted for its agricultural products, iron ore extraction, sugar and electric power manufacturing, light industry products.

Main industries: ore extraction and dressing (on the base of Kursk magnetic anomaly); machine-building (electrical products, calculating machines, mill-elevator equipment, bearings, drilling rigs, metalforming machines); chemistry and petrochemistry (chemical fiber, general mechanical rubber goods), food industry (sugar manufacturing), light industry (knitting, hemp processing); building materials manufacturing. Kursk region is a monopolist in Russia in production of conveyor belt, polypropylene fiber, cases of drawing instruments and paracetamol pills.

Expert RA