Novgorod Region

The region was formed on July 5, 1944 with the center in Novgorod the Great (240,6 thousand inhabitants) founded in 859.
The distance between Moscow and Novgorod is 606 km.

Geographic location. Novgorod region is situated in the north-west of East-European plain. It borders: in the south-west and west – on Pskov region, in the north-west and north – on Leningrad region, in the north-east – on Vologda region, in the east and south-east – on Tver region.

Natural conditions. The relief is plain, hilly. South-east of the region is made up by Valday Upland (up to 296 m). Main rivers are the Volkhov, Meta, Lovat, Ozare. Lakes: Ilmen, Seliger (northern part). The climate is moderately continental; January average temperature is -7 degrees centigrade, July average temperature is +16 degrees centigrade; annual precipitation is about 800 mm. Soils are mainly sod-podzoil, in the north-west – swampy soils. Vegetation is mixed forests.

Population. Main part of the region population are Russians. As most Russian regions Novgorod region is at the stage of demographic transmission finalizing. Insignificant migration inflow doesn't compensate the loss of population.

Economic advantages and disadvantages. Novgorod region doesn't have any marked economic advantages. There are no mineral resources here and the land is marginal. But there are a lot of historical monuments of Novgorod Rus and well-developed artistic handicrafts. These served an argument for setting up free economic zone "Sadko" in the region.

Specialty. Novgorod region refers to economically underdeveloped regions though it has quiete a balanced structure of the economy. Branches of Leningrad electric technical plants were set up in towns of the region (first of all in Novgorod) only in 60-70-ies and later turned into independent enterprises.

Main industries: machine-building and metal working (radio electronic industry, precise machine-building, production of chemical equipment and woodworking machines, instrument making, including medical instrument); chemical (nitric fertilizers), woodworking, light (flax-processing), food industries; glass, china ware, building materials production. The region extracts peat.

Expert RA