Novosibirsk Region

The region was formed on September 28, 1937 with the center in Novosibirsk (1399,4 thousand inhabitants) founded in 1903
The distance between Moscow and Novosibirsk is 3191 km.

Geographic location. Novosibirsk region is located in the south of Western Siberia. It borders: in the south – on Altai territory, in the south-west – on Kazakhstan, in the west – on Omsk region, in the north – on Tomsk region , in the east – on Kemerovo region.

Natural conditions. The greater part of Novosibirsk region is situates on West Siberian Plain, Salair ridge is in the east. The main river is the Ob, lakes: Chany (salty), Ubinskoye and others. Ob hydroelectric power station and Novosibirsk reservoir are situated in the region. The climate is continental; January average temperature varies from -16 to -20 degrees centigrade, July — from +18 to +20 degrees; annual precipitation is about 300-500 mm. The soil are leached chernozem. The greater part of the territory is occupied by forest-steppe and steppe.

Population. Novosibirsk region is highly urbanized, about 60% of the population is concentrated in Novosibirsk and neighbouring towns: Berdsk and Iskitim. Only 17% of the population live in countryside. The prevailing ethnicity is Russians (94%).Besides Russians there live Ukrainians, Germans and other ethnicities. Death rate surpasses birth rate, natality is negative and is not compensated by migration inflow. The total number of the population is unstable – starting to grow or vice versa to reduce at different periods. The same refers to the average life span, calculated at different times.

Economic advantages and disadvantages. Novosibirsk region has four main prerequisites for economic development: advantageous («crossroad») transport and geographic position in Western Siberia; fertile soils for farming; powerful industrial potential of Novosibirsk; largest in Asian Russia scientific base (Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences). Not without reason Novosibirsk was always regarded as a main candidate for transferring the capital of Russia. However the region does not have its own fuel resources (except for insignificant coal deposits, mined for local consumption) and the regional industry is mainly represented by non-dynamic large defense enterprises.

Specialty. In general the structure of economy is balanced and corresponds to the Russian average. However, compared to other Siberian regions Novosibirsk region stands out for developed science, agriculture and processing industry.

Main industries: machine-building and metal working (machines and instrument making, radio electronic industry, production of energy and electric technical machines and equipment, agricultural engineering); ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, chemistry, timber and woodworking industry; light (cotton, leather and foot-wear, knitting), food industries; building materials manufacture (cement). Energy is supplied by Novosibirsk hydroelectric power station and Barabinskaya regional electric power station located here. Novosibirsk region is a monopolist in Russia in production of sheet structural cold-rolled alloyed steel, cold-rolled instrumental steel, tractor seeding-machines and processing tin-bearing concentrates.

Expert RA