Omsk Region

The Omsk Region, a constituent entity of the Russian Federation, is part of the Siberian Federal District. The region borders on the Tyumen Region in the northwest, Tomsk and Novosibirsk Regions in the east, and Kazakhstan in the southwest. 

Location

The Omsk Region is in the south of the Western Siberian Lowlands in the mid-channel of the Irtysh River.

Administrative division

The region is comprised of 33 municipalities.

 

Area

139,700 sq km.

Capital

Omsk, 2,555 from Moscow

Main cities

Omsk, Tara, Isilkul, Kalachinsk, Nazyvayevsk

Climate

The Omsk region has a continental, moderately cold climate, with an average January temperature of 21 degrees below zero and an average July temperature of 19.3 degrees above zero.

Population

The Omsk Region's population is 2,046,600 people, with 966,500 males and 1,112,700 females. 68.8% (1,412,300 people) of the population is urban, while rural residents account for 31.2% (634,300 people).

The economically active population is 990,000, with those employed in the economic sector reaching 899,000. The unemployment rate, calculated using ILO methods, stands at 7.3%, while senior citizens and minors account for 18.8% and 18%, respectively. The negative population growth rate is -4.2 per 1,000. The negative migration influx rate is -15.8 per 10,000.

Major natural resources

There are numerous loam and haydite clay, sands, peat, sapropel, bentonite, lime, mineral salts and peloids, and thermal and mineral water deposits. Oil and gas fields and zircon-titanium ores deposits have been discovered in the northern part of the region.

Administration 

Governor and Chairman of the Cabinet of the Omsk Region: Leonid Polezhayev. In office since 1991, when he was appointed by the President; in 1995, 1999, 2003 elected by the people. On May 24, 2007 the Legislative Assembly authorized him as Governor of the Omsk Region (on May 21, 2007 the President of the Russian Federation nominated him as Governor for approving by the Legislative Assembly of the Omsk Region).

Mayor of Omsk: Victor Shreider. Elected on March 27th 2005, took office on April 14th 2005.

Speaker of the local legislature: Vladimir Varnavsky, Chairman of the Legislative Assembly of the Omsk Region. In office since 1994.

Regional issues and prospects 

The demographic situation in the region is tense due to the decrease in the population and migration. Industrial enterprises are distributed unevenly throughout the region, with 90% of the industrial output coming from the capital city. Industrial development in smaller cities and settlements is essential. An important issue is comprehensive use of the region's recycled resources. Prospects for crop cultivation include the use of regional intensive technologies with the increase of reclaimed lands, improving the quality of seeds by introducing newly selected varieties adapted for the region. Prospects for animal farming include a hike in fodder production of better quality with a comprehensive nutrient balance, improving the breeds of the herds and expanding industrial techniques of raising them.

 

Official website: http://www.omskportal.ru/

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