Rostov Region

The Rostov Region, a constituent entity of the Russian Federation, is part of the Southern Federal District. 

Location

The Rostov Region is located in the southern part of the East European Plain, it borders Ukraine in the west and northwest, the Stavropol and Krasnodar territories in the south, the Voronezh Region in the north, the Volgograd Region in the east and northeast, and the Republic of Kalmykia in the south and southeast.

Administrative division

The Rostov Region is comprised of 463 municipal entities, including 12 regionally administered city districts, 43 districts, 18 towns, and 390 villages.

Area

100,800 square kilometres

Capital

Rostov-on-Don, located 1,226 kilometres from Moscow

Main cities

Rostov-on-Don, Taganrog, Shakhty, Novocherkassk, Volgodonsk, Bataisk, Novoshakhtinsk

Climate

The Rostov Region has a temperate continental climate, with an average January temperature of -3.7º C (25.34 F) and an average July temperature of 24º C (75.2 F).

Natural resources

The region's major natural resources are coal, natural gas, construction raw materials, and non-metallic materials used in metallurgy.

Population

The Rostov Region's population is 4,365,600, with 2,023,700 males and 2,341,900 females. 67.6% of the region's population is urban, while rural residents account for 32.3%. The economically active population is 2,671,600, with those employed in the economic sector reaching 1,881,700. The unemployment rate, calculated to ILO standards, is 12.3%. Senior citizens and minors account for 28.8% and 9.9% of the population, respectively. The rate of natural increase is negative and stands at -7.1 per 1,000.

Administration

Governor of the Rostov Region: Vladimir Chub.

Mayor of Rostov-on-Don: Mikhail Chernyshev.

Speaker of the regional legislature: Viktor Deryabkin.

Regional issues and prospects

The region's issues are those typical of Russia as a whole, namely the decrease in industrial production, the need for a more diversified economy and a more developed transportation system, rising unemployment and inflation, residents' worsening social status, and a declining birth rate coupled with an increasing death rate.

Meanwhile, the region's prospects lie in the development of the chemical and petrochemical industries. The region's fuel complex in the next few years will depend on the development of new oil and gas deposits. The development of the agricultural sector is a key factor. Another promising industry is the recreational sector.

 

Official website: http://www.donland.ru/

Expert RA