Samara Region

The Samara Region, a constituent entity of the Russian Federation, is part of the Volga Federal District, bordering the Republic of Tatarstan in the north, the Ulyanovsk Region in the west, the Orenburg Region in the east, and the Saratov Region and Kazakhstan in the south. 

Location

The Samara Region is located in the south-eastern part of the East European Plain along the middle sections of the Volga River.

Administrative division

The Samara Region comprises 35 cities and towns and 27 rural districts, including 324 rural administrations and districts. The biggest cities and towns are Samara, Tolyatti, Syzran, Novokuibyshevsk, Chapayevsk, Otradny, Zhigulevsk, Oktyabrsk, Kinel, Pokhvistnevo and Neftegorsk.

Area

53,600 square kilometres

Capital

Samara, located 1,098 kilometres from Moscow

Main cities

Samara, Tolyatti, Syzran, Novokuibyshevsk, Chapayevsk

Climate

The Samara Region has a continental semi-arid climate, with the average January temperatures of -13°C (8.6°F) in the west and -14°C (6.8°F) in the east and the average July temperatures of +20°C (68°F) in the north-west and +22°C (71.6°F) in the south-east.

Main natural resources

The region's key mineral resources are hydrocarbon, mineral, construction, mining and chemical reserves, as well as stratal waters. The region's primary natural resources are oil, coal and casing head gas. The region boasts around 40 explored oil deposits, with the net yield of about 300 million tonnes. Activities of particular importance for the local economy are new deposits development, oil extracting and oil processing. Equally important is the development and implementation of innovative ways to increase recoverable oil volumes.

Population

The Samara Region's population is 3,217,600, with 1,483,100 males and 1,734,500 females. 80.4% of the region's population is urban, while residents in rural areas account for 19.3%. The economically active population is 2,021,300, with those employed in the economic sector reaching 1,574,200. The unemployed rate, according to ILO calculations, is 4.4%. Senior citizens and minors account for 26.8% and 10.2% of the population, respectively. The rate of natural increase is negative at -6.6 per 1,000.

Administration

Governor of the Samara Region: Vladimir Artyakov. Appointed on August 29, 2007.

Head of the Samara City District Dmitry Azarov

Speaker of the regional legislature: Viktor Sazonov. Elected on March 23, 2007.

Regional issues and prospects

Issues facing the regional economy are typical of those encountered in many regions across Russia. The agriculture industry's development is hindered by worn-out production facilities, as well as by slow and insufficient renewal of manufacturing networks on the post-Soviet territory. The prospects of local industrial expansion lie in supporting such priority sectors as the aerospace industry, car manufacturing, agricultural engineering industry and chemical and petrochemical industry.

 

Official website: http://www.adm.samara.ru/

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