Sakhalin Region

The Sakhalin Region, a constituent entity of the Russian Federation, is part of the Far Eastern Federal District. It borders on Japan across the La Perouse, Kunashir, Izmeny, and Sovetsky straits. 


The Sakhalin Region is located in the eastern part of Russia, at the coast of Eurasia in the Sea of Okhotsk between the mainland and the Pacific Ocean. The region includes Sakhalin Island and its adjacent islands, and the Kuril Islands.

Administrative division

The Sakhalin Region is comprised of 17 districts, 18 cities, including 9 regionally administered towns, 30 towns, and 243 villages.


87,100 square kilometres


Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, 10,417 kilometres from Moscow

Main cities

Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Korsakov, Kholmsk, Okha, Nevelsk


The Sakhalin Region has a temperate monsoon climate, with an average January temperature of -11.9 C and an average July temperature of +12.3 C.

Main natural resources

The Sakhalin Region's main natural resources are oil, gas, coal, fish, seafood, and wood. The most valuable sea resources are Pacific salmon, which breed in the rivers on Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands. The main exploited species are herring, flounder, humpback salmon, Siberian salmon, Alaska pollack, Pacific saury, mackerel, codfish, saffron cod, greenling, halibut, crab, squid, scallop, seal, sea lion, eared seal, shrimp, whelk, mussel. Marine algae, particularly kelp, have significant commercial importance.

The Kuril Islands' gold resources account for 1,867 tonnes, silver - 9,284 tonnes, titanium - 39,700,000 tonnes, iron - 273,000,000 tonnes. There are also complex ore deposits in the region. The Kuril Islands and some part of Sakhalin Island have hot springs and steam water mixtures that are used in the energy industry.


The Sakhalin Region's population is 538,100 with 260,000 males and 278,100 females. Over 86% of the region's population is urban, while rural residents account for 13.2%. The economically active population is 361,800 with those employed reaching 271,800. The unemployment rate, calculated using ILO methods, is 9.1%, while senior citizens and minors account for 28.6% and 4.12%, respectively. The negative population rate growth is -5.5 per 1,000. The negative migration influx rate is -59 per 10,000.


Governor of the Sakhalin Region: Alexander Khoroshavin.

Appointed Governor in August by the Russian President on August 9, 2007. Took office on August 11, 2007.

Mayor of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk: Andrei Lobkin.

The Speaker of the regional legislature is Vladimir Yefremov.

Elected by secret ballot vote on October 28, 2008.

Regional issues and prospects

The Sakhalin Region's main problems are connected with its transport and economic isolation from Russia's main economic space, coupled with its dependence on coal fuel. The region's main prospects lie in further developing oil and gas fields off Sakhalin Island, supplying energy to Japan, increasing coal extraction for export, developing mechanisation in the timber-cutting industry, modernising the fishing fleet, and in its vast sea bio-resources.


Official website:

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