Smolensk Region

The Smolensk Region, a constituent entity of the Russian Federation, is part of the Central Federal District, bordering Belarus and the Tver, Moscow, Kaluga, Bryansk, and Pskov regions of Russia. 


The Smolensk Region is located in the west of European Russia, the headwaters of the Dnepr and West Dvina, and the upper Volga basin.

Administrative division

The region is comprised of 25 districts, 15 towns, and 16 villages.



49,800 square kilometres


Smolensk, located 419 kilometres from Moscow

Main cities

Smolensk, Roslavl, Vyazma, Yartsevo, Safonovo


The region is located in a temperate climatic zone and has a temperate continental climate, with an average January temperature of -4° С (25° F), and an average July temperature of 17° С (63° F).

Natural resources

The region's natural resources include low-calorie brown coal, peat, and considerable reserves of resources used in construction: clay, chalk stone, limestone, and dolomite. The prevalent lowland peat can be used as fuel, and its extraction does not require extensive expenditures, unlike in other regions of the country. The region is traditionally a leading producer of flax and is the only region in Russia with a full production cycle - from flax growing to end-product manufacturing. Every third tonne of flax is grown in the Smolensk Region.


The region's population is 1,019,000, with 406,500 males and 612,500 females. 71.2% of the population is urban (720,800), while the rural population accounts for 28.8% (298,200). The economically active population is 528,000, of whom 480,000 are employed in the economic sector. The unemployment rate, calculated using ILO methods, is 9%. Senior citizens and minors account for 23.2% and 15.4% respectively. The rate of natural increase is negative and stands at -12.4 per 1,000.


Governor of the Smolensk Region: Sergei Antufyev.

Smolensk Mayor Alexander Danilyuk. Head of the Smolensk Administration Konstantin Lazarev

Speaker of the Smolensk regional legislature: Anatoly Mishnev .

Regional issues and prospects

The region's priority development areas include: the Smolensk Power Plant's second phase construction and the construction of power transmission lines from the region to Belarus and Western Europe; the reconstruction, road facilities development, and operational service of the first projected toll-road Moscow-Minsk; the establishment of a peat processing facility with product realisation channels abroad; the establishment of a solid waste treatment facility and the reconstruction of poultry factories; the flax industry development, including the flax processing plants' machinery modernisation and replacement.


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