Khanty-Mansy Autonomous Area (Yugra)

The Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area (Yugra), a constituent entity of the Russian Federation, is part of the Tyumen Region, Urals Federal District. It borders on the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Area, Republic of Komi, Sverdlovsk Region, Tobolsk and Uvat districts of the Tyumen Region, the Tomsk Region, and the Krasnoyarsk Territory. 

Location

The Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area (Yugra) is located in the central part of the West Siberian Plain.

Administrative division

The Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area is comprised of 9 districts, 16 cities, including 14 locally administered towns and 2 regionally administered towns, 24 workers' villages, 70 village administrations, and 173 villages.

Area

534,800 square kilometres

Capital

Khanty-Mansiisk, 2,759 kilometres from Moscow

Main cities

Surgut, Nizhnevartovsk, Nefteyugansk, Nyagan, Khanty-Mansiisk

Climate

The Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area has a sharply continental climate, with an average January temperature of -20 С and an average July temperature of +16 C.

Main natural resources

The area's main natural resources are oil and gas. The largest oil and gas fields are Samotlorskoye, Fyodorovskoye, Mamontovskoye, and Priobskoye. Placer gold, vein quartz, and collectible minerals are also mined there. Brown coal and bituminous coal deposits, iron ores, copper, zinc, lead, niobium, tantalum, and bauxites have been discovered in the area. Deposits of trim stone, brick and keramzite clay, and construction sands have been prepared for development. Deposits containing iodine-bromine water have been explored and approved for development.

Population

The Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area population is 1,469,000, with 726,100 males and 742,900 females. Over 90% (1,334,900) of the area's population is urban, while rural residents account for 9.2% (134,100). The economically active population is 827,000, with 745,000 employed. The unemployment rate, calculated using ILO methods, is 9.3%, while senior citizens and minors account for 7% and 21.6% respectively. The positive population growth rate is 7.2 per 1,000. The positive migration influx rate is 13.4 per 10,000.

Administration

Governor of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area: Natalia Komarova.

Mayor of Khanty-Mansiisk: Andrei Bukarinov.

Speaker of the regional legislature: Vasily Sondykov.

Regional issues and prospects

The region's main problems are environmental. In particular, they are connected with the production activity of the region's companies (mainly oil and gas); negative weather conditions bounding the development of agriculture in turn cause food shortages and price increases. Meanwhile, the area's prospects lie in modernising the timber-processing complex, constructing new facilities, developing the oil and gas complex, exploring new fields, and developing the infrastructure, as well as developing the metallurgical and machine-building industries and transport infrastructure, particularly the construction of a railway line along the Eastern Flank of the Ural Mountains. The electrification of the Tyumen-Tobolsk-Surgut section will make it possible to increase train speed and traffic handling capacity of the section, save oil fuel, and decrease transportation costs. Finally, the regions must create optimal conditions for the development of water transportation and satisfy the demand for it.

 

Official website: http://www.admhmao.ru

Expert RA