Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Area

The Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Area, a constituent entity of the Russian Federation, is part of the Ural Federal District's Tyumen Region, bordering on the Nenets Autonomous Area and the Komi Republic along the Ural range in the west, the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area in the south and the Krasnoyarsk Territory in the east. 

Location

The Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Area is located in the Arctic in the north of the West Siberian Plain. Over half of the district is located north of the Arctic Circle. The area encompasses the lower reaches of the Ob River and its tributaries, the Nadym, Pur and Taz River basins, the Yamal, Tazovsky and Gydansky peninsulas, a group of islands in the Kara Sea, including the Bely, Shokalsky, Neupokoyeva, Oleny and other islands, and the eastern slopes of the West and East Polar Ural range.

Administrative division

The Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Area comprises 13 municipal entities, including seven cities and towns, and six districts.

Area

750,300 square kilometres

Capital

Salekhard, 2,436 km from Moscow

Main cities

Noyabrsk, Novy Urengoi, Nadym, Salekhard and Muravlenko

Climate

The Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Area, which is located in the Arctic and subarctic climate belts, has a distinctly continental climate, with the average January temperature of -23 C and the average July temperature of +13 C.

Natural resources

The Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Area produces and transports 90% of Russian natural gas. Over 200 hydrocarbon deposits containing 72.5% of proven Russian gas reserves are located in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Area.

Population

The Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Area's population is 523,400, with 267,700 males and 255,700 females. Over 83% of the area's population is urban, while rural residents account for 16.6% (79,500). The economically active population is 306,000, of whom 286,000 are employed. The unemployment, calculated using ILO methods, is 7%, while senior citizens and minors account for 4.9% and 23.6%, respectively. The positive population growth rate is 8.2 per 1,000. The positive migration influx rate is 76.2 per 10,000.

Administration

Governor of the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Area: Dmitry Kobylkin

Head of the Salekhard Administration Yury Link

Speaker of the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Area's State Duma: Sergei Kharyuchi

Regional issues and prospects

Adverse climatic conditions and a rudimentary transport infrastructure are the biggest problems. The development of the transport network, primarily the ground-transport infrastructure, is the most promising development aspect. This will make it possible to cut freight delivery costs in the area and outside it. The development of the iron and steel and woodworking sectors is another promising aspect.

 

Official website: http://adm.yanao.ru/

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