Karachay-Cherkessia Republic

The Karachay-Cherkessia Republic, a constituent entity of the Russian Federation, is part of the North Caucasus Federal Distric, bordering on the Krasnodar Territory in the west, the Stavropol Territory in the north and northeast, the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic in the east, and Georgia in the south. Mountains account for 80% of the republic's territory.

Location

The Karachay-Cherkessia Republic is located in the south of European Russia and in the foothills and mountain areas of the Greater Caucasus range's northern section.

Administrative division

The Karachay-Cherkessia Republic is comprised of two republic-governed , two cities of district subordination, eight districts, 11 townships, 59 rural administrations, and a total of 144 populated localities.

Area

14,100 square kilometres.

Capital

Cherkessk, located 1,674 km from Moscow.

Main cities

Cherkessk, Ust-Dzheguta, Karachayevsk, Teberda

Climate

The Karachay-Cherkessia Republic has a moderate continental climate, with an average January temperature of 3.2º C below zero and an average July temperature of 20.6 º C above zero.

Natural resources

The republic's main natural resources are coal, lead, zinc, tungsten-molybdenum ores (the Ktiteberdinskoye deposit), copper (the Urupskoye deposit), construction materials (top-quality marble near Teberda, granites and quartz sandstones), and gold. Local spas and resorts with Narzan-type mineral-water springs and thermal springs are an important part of the republic's economic potential.

Population

The republic's population is 436,600 people, with 203,600 males and 233,000 females. 44.1% of the population is urban, while rural residents account for 55.9%. The economically active population is 262,400 people, of whom 151,800 are employed in the economic sector. The unemployment rate, calculated using ILO methods, is 19%, with senior citizens and minors accounting for 26.1% and 13.7% of the population, respectively. The population's rate of natural increase is negative, at - 0.8 per 1,000.

Administration

Head of the Karachay-Cherkessia Republic: Rashid Temrezov

Mayor of Cherkessk: Pyotr Korotchenko

Speaker of the republic's Popular Assembly: Zurab Dokshokov

Regional issues and prospects

Due to the lack of major timber procurers and woodworking enterprises, local timber resources are underused. Timber industry enterprises are forbidden to procure timber at the main tree-felling areas. Problems of the agro-industrial sector's development are linked with rundown farming machinery.

The republic's prospects are largely linked with its location. The trans-border region handles passenger and freight transits. The republic's development is linked with its spa-and-resort industry. Well-known centres of international tourism, mountain climbing, and alpine skiing are located in Dombai, Teberda, and Arkhyz. The republic has many high-altitude tourist camps and holiday hotels and offers more than 60 itineraries, including horse rides.

The modernisation of the republic's forestry sector is a promising aspect of this industry's development. Staple-food output is the main strategic objective of the republic's agro-industrial sector. Agricultural development prioritises the rapid development of livestock production and the creation of development incentives for small agricultural businesses.

The republic's industry prioritises the following development aspects - production modernisation (primarily in the timber and light industries), expanding the light industry's local raw-materials base, and expanding the local energy industry based on hydropower plants

Official website: http://www.kchr.info/